Scrum Isn’t an Acronym! But What Does It Mean?

I’ve always been interested in the Scrum project management process, especially because we will be diving into it during my Software Development Capstone class next semester. I found a great link detailing the general methodology of Scrum, as well as specifying the roles of each party involved in the process: .

Scrum is essentially a project management technique which consists of the completion of work through multiple shorter periods of progress, called sprints, towards the overall project goal. Before going over the overview of the Scrum process, there are 3 primary parties taking part in Scrum to be discussed: the software development team itself, the ScrumMaster, and the product owner. The software development team is a “self-organizing, cross-functional” group. The team does not have a leader amongst the group who delegates tasks and provides feedback. Rather, all of this is decided by the whole team. Each member of the team is also needed to develop each part of the project, from coming up with ideas, to developing solutions and features to satisfy goals of each sprint. This team has support from the ScrumMaster, who coaches the software team to perform Scrum at their best without telling the team exactly what to do, and the product owner, who serves in more of an end-user role and guides the team towards building the product best fit for the customers.

The Scrum process involves several sprints (commonly 2 weeks long). A planning meeting kicks off each sprint, where all parties create a list of tasks to finish by the end of the sprint, called the sprint backlog. A product backlog is also maintained and prioritized by the product owner, which details additional features to be added to the product and which features are most important to complete first.

Other meetings taking place during the Scrum process include daily Scrum meetings, around 15 minutes long, where the development team goes over what they’ve completed the prior day and what they intend to currently work on. The sprint review at the end of the sprint allows the development team to showcase their product, as well as the product owner to identify places to continue work for the next sprint. Finally, the sprint retrospective at the end of each sprint gives time for reflection of the Scrum process from the just-completed sprint and what needs to improve.

Reading more about this process has gotten me more excited about what is to come in the Capstone class next semester! This is such a great opportunity to take part in, especially while still an undergraduate student.


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